# 人的差異不是天份，是你的努力-讀《恆毅力》

Posted by 陳璿丞 on Saturday, December 31, 2016

## TOC

1. 要怎麼挑到一個技能，然後一直點開這棵技能樹？
2. 可以換技能嗎？
3. 天份一直都沒有提，總是有天才吧，你承認嗎？

Darwin’s opinion on the determinants of achievement—that is, his belief that zeal and hard work are ultimately more important than intellectual ability.

I’ll argue that, as much as talent counts, effort counts twice.

Grit has two components: passion and perseverance.

# 你的終極關懷是什麼？

The top-level goal is not a means to any other end. It is, instead, an end in itself. Some psychologists like to call this an “ultimate concern.”

Ask yourself, To what extent do these goals serve a common purpose?

# 興趣何來？

But, in fact, most grit paragons I’ve interviewed told me they spent years exploring several different interests, and the one that eventually came to occupy all of their waking (and some sleeping) thoughts wasn’t recognizably their life’s destiny on first acquaintance.

Angela Duckworth提到，他訪問的很多大神、神人，也不是一開始就決定他們要在什麼事物上花時間的。所以勇敢去探索吧！

interests are not discovered through introspection. Instead, interests are triggered by interactions with the outside world.

the initial triggering of a new interest must be followed by subsequent encounters that retrigger your attention—again and again and again.

At the start of an endeavor, we need encouragement and freedom to figure out what we enjoy. We need small wins. We need applause. Yes, we can handle a tincture of criticism and corrective feedback.

## 阿德勒的職業探詢法

What do I like to think about? Where does my mind wander? What do I really care about? What matters most to me? How do I enjoy spending my time? And, in contrast, what do I find absolutely unbearable?

### 3. 說說你最喜歡的故事吧？

People are attracted to books in which a major character experiences problems similar to their own problems.

### 4. 你的人生格言是什麼？

A favorite saying or motto is the best advice the client has for herself or himself.

### 5. 在學校時的表現？

investigate clients’ school experience to consider what talents they have developed and how they use their abilities.

### 6. 休閒時都在做什麼？

leisure presents opportunities for personal development.

# 刻意練習

## Don’t break the chain!!

• getting the most out of deliberate practice: Make it a habit.

• Once you’ve made your selection, do deliberate practice then and there every day.

• routines are a godsend when it comes to doing something hard.

“After a few days you’ll have a chain. Just keep at it and the chain will grow longer every day. You’ll like seeing that chain, especially when you get a few weeks under your belt. Your only job next is to not break the chain.”

# 心流？能吃嗎？

Anders Ericsson is talking about what experts do; Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi is talking about how experts feel. Second, you don’t have to be doing deliberate practice and experiencing flow at the same time.

• In other words, deliberate practice is for preparation, and flow is for performance.
• the only time I could say that I was in flow was when I wasn’t being challenged.”

# 如何培養恆毅力？

First comes interest. Passion begins with intrinsically enjoying what you do. Next comes the capacity to practice. Third is purpose.

With practice, industriousness can be learned.

If we can’t be Einstein, is it worth studying physics? If we can’t be Usain Bolt, should we go for a run this morning? Is there any point in trying to run a little faster or longer than we did yesterday? In my view, these are absurd questions. If my daughter says to me, “Mom, I shouldn’t practice my piano today because I’ll never be Mozart,” I’ll say in reply, “You’re not practicing piano to be Mozart.”

# 結語

The challenge of writing Is to see your horribleness on page To see your terribleness And then to go to bed. And wake up the next day, And take that horribleness and that terribleness, And refine it, And make it not so terrible and not so horrible. And then to go to bed again. And come the next day, And refine it a little bit more, And make it not so bad. And then to go to bed the next day. And do it again, And make it maybe average. And then one more time, If you’re lucky, Maybe you get to good. And if you’ve done that, That’s a success.

[1] Sweeney, T. J. (2009). Adlerian counseling and psychotherapy: A practitioner’s approach. Taylor & Francis.